Trigger warning: This story addresses suicide. If you or a loved one is struggling, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255).
No one can say definitively why Kate Spade or Anthony Bourdain died by suicide. But I can tell you why I tried to kill myself. Twice.
Had either attempt been successful, theyd have called it anoverdose, maybe not even mentioning how my depression had been brought on by alcoholism. Whatshocksmeabout the deaths ofSpade and Bourdainis the near-total silenceabout the symbiosis of depression andsubstanceuse.
And guess what? Most of the people who died by their own hands had alcohol or some sort of drug in their blood, according to a CDC report released last week about the 25 percent rise in suicide rates from 1996 to 2016. They go hand-in-handthe suicidal tend to be depressed.
One summer afternoon in 1995I was 27with my office door closed and speaking sotto voce, I called the Employee Assistance Program. I didnt call because I was suicidal or thought I was an alcoholic; I called because I couldnt shake the mean reds, the name I borrowed from what Truman Capotes Holly Golightly called undefined malaise in Breakfast at Tiffanys. Some might call that depression. I now know I was already alcoholic (drinking every day, binge drinking on the weekends, with a scintilla of recreational drugs like cocaine).
So EAP found me a therapist. The therapist didnt get my jokes (probably chose not to indulge my using humor to deflect), and I didnt like his office dcor. I stopped going after session two. He never asked about my alcohol and drug use.
The following fall I came home sloshed after a glamorous book party that Id organized as the publicist. But rather than celebrating my success, I felt like Id never obtain the artistic achievements of the writers there. I didnt know I was an alcoholic or that alcohol was a depressant. I saw alcohol instead as a mood lifter, a boost. I viewed the world through the distorted lens of melting ice. I forgot my fancy job and the man who loved me. Instead I impulsively took some leftover pain killers and crawled into bed next to that man.
Luckily, I woke up. And I never told himor anybody else.
Eleven years later, having failed to sober up, I declared myself a high-functioning alcoholic. My scintillas of cocaine had become tablespoons. Id been fired from one job and was close to losing the replacement. Those were the external reasons for wanting to die.
The real reason: depression brought on by ingesting a silo of booze around the clock that left me paralyzed in the bed and wishing I were dead. This kind of behavior and thinking is common in late-stage alcoholism.
But what made this progressively worse was the fact that for months, Id been fantasizing about suicide. One morning, after about four drinks (I was probably still drunk from the night before), I grabbed a fistful of sleeping pills. My common-law husband found me. That changed the course of my life.
I went to rehab and started getting sober. That was in 2006. It took till 2008 to get me off the stuff that looked like a helping hand to my awful life but which was, in fact, killing me. Therapy and the help of other drunks and addicts saved me. Ive never taken antidepressants, because (it turned out) I dont actually suffer from clinical depression. I do suffer from the disease of alcoholism. Booze-causing depression led me to try suicide. Alcohol and drugs allow many suicidal folks to pull the trigger, swallow the pills, take the leap, tie the knot.
Shortly after the twin tragedies of Spade and Bourdain, The New York Times published lengthy advice from experts about what to do when someone is severely depressed. Not one them mentioned the role alcohol and drugs can play. I find that irresponsible, negligent at best. The suggestion was that perhaps those who died by their own hands had not been watched closely enough for those telltale signs. If youre looking for warnings, excessive drinking and drugging is a sign larger than the old Canadian Club Whiskey billboard in Times Square. The last stage of alcoholism before the alcoholic either dies or gets sober is a sense of hopelessness. Isnt hopelessness a synonym for depression?
No one can completely parse out the complex factors that led to the deaths of Spade and Bourdain. We know from her family that Spade suffered from depression and anxiety, and there are conflicting reports that she drank excessively. We dont know that Bourdain ever suffered from clinical depression, but we do know directly from him that he had been an abuser of cocaine and heroin. We also know from watching his TV show that he drank excessively. Why does no one mention this?
I am an abstinence automaton-nut. Alcohol and drugs are so ingrained in our culture we still have a hard time admitting their often fatal effects. Mental illness is slightly less stigmatized nowespecially depressionbut addiction is still weighed down by the antique perception that its a moral failing and with will power, the strong person can hold his liquor. So rather than consider Bourdains bad boy drinking as a possible factor in his death, wed rather toast it as joie de vivre.
In 12-step meetings a constant refrain I hear from other addicts is that at the end of their using most wanted to die, many considered suicide, and somelike meeven tried it. Even if they werent drunk or high when they attempted suicide, they had alcohol and drugs in their system, the residual effects being acute depression.
My friendand full disclosure, literary agency clientthe writer Mary Karr, has been sober for nearly 30 years. She classifies her suicidal depression this way: I speak as a drunk drug addict myself, and suspect I am more like Bourdain than not, for I had twenty-plus years of suicidal ideation and impulsive/self-destructive acts till I got help from other junkies and drunks. Therapy and anti-depressants helped some, but 90 percent of my improved happiness quotient came when I quit ingesting depressants like booze and benzos. Just as we call someone cross-addicted when s/he has more than one addiction, i.e., both drinking and gambling destructively, I think we can call Karr cross-depressed when she has clinical depression from multiple sources such as a history of trauma plus anxiety plus alcoholism.
At some suicide conferences where I have spoken as a SAS (suicide attempt survivor), the rooms brim over with data on mental illness and clinical depression. Suicide is given its statistical due but there is little to no discussion about suicidal depression caused by substance abuse. Thats a problem.
Its time to broaden and enrich the definition of depression to include depression caused by alcoholism and drug addiction. The dawn after the black night of the deaths of Kate Spade and Anthony Bourdain is the explosion of the suicide dialogue. I dont think that the conversation about mental illness and clinical depression and suicide should be minimized or diminished. It must continue with loud frequency. However, when we talk about depressionwhen we talk about depression, periodits imperative that we talk about addiction.
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